Resources for Biblical, Theological, and Religious Studies maintained by Tyler F. Williams

Hebrew Vocabulary Aids
One of the basics of learning a new language is building a foundational vocabulary so you don't have to look up every second word. There are many reference works available to help the student with matters of vocabulary and parsing. Some of the more useful include:

Mitchel provides a list of words appearing ten times or more in the Hebrew Bible arranged by frequency. An English gloss (taken from Holladay's lexicon), pronunciation guide, and other information accompany each entry. BHSLandes' work is superior for a number of reasons. It includes a very good discussion of Hebrew morphology ("How Hebrew Words Are Formed") and lists words occurring 10 times or more according to their root (subcategorized by frequency). This arrangement aids vocabulary building, for if one knows the most common Hebrew verbs and has a working knowledge of Hebrew word formation, then one can often deduce the meaning of forms from the same root. The more recent work by Pelt and Pratico is similar to Landes's in its classification and also includes lists of unusual and difficult words.

There are a number of resources that facilitate the rapid reading of biblical texts.

The Old Testament Parsing Guide parses and provides an English gloss for every verb in order of their occurrence in the biblical text, while A Reader's Hebrew-English Lexicon of the Old Testament provides an English gloss (from BDB) for words that occur less than fifty times in sequence of chapter and verse. The most comprehensive work of this kind is the Analytical Key to the Old Testament. This four volume work parses, translates, and provides a cross-reference to BDB for all forms (verbs, nouns, particles, etc.) as they occur in the biblical text.

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