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The DSS and the Hebrew Bible

The significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls for the study of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible is enormous. Not only do some of the scrolls provides us with the earliest Hebrew manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, others provide a window into the earliest interpretation of the books that make up the Old Testament.


The Scrolls and the Hebrew Bible

The Dead Sea Scrolls have revolutionized our understanding of the formation of the Hebrew Bible. Some works that touch on this issue include the following:

  • TovEmanuel Tov, Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible (2nd revised edition; Fortress Press, 2001). While not exclusive to the DSS, Tov has a significant discussion of the significance of the Scrolls for the Hebrew Bible and for textual criticism. Buy from | Buy from
  • Eugene Ulrich, The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of the Bible (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature; Eerdmans, 1999). A collections of essays by a noted Qumran specialist. Following in the tradition of Sanders, Ulrich argues for a more pluriform development of the Hebrew Bible. His views of multiple literary editions of some biblical books is interesting, if not entirely convincing (see Tov for what is a more balanced perspective). Buy from | Buy from
  • Bible at QumranPeter W. Flint, ed., The Bible at Qumran: Text, Shape, and Interpretation (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature; Eerdmans, 2001). A somewhat disparate collection of essays focused around two major themes: Scripture and canon at Qumran and the interpretation of the Scriptures in the DSS. Partially based on a conference held at Trinity Western University. Buy from | Buy from
  • Frank Moore Cross, The Ancient Library of Qumran (3rd revised and extended edition; Sheffield/Augsburg Fortress, 1995). This classic introduction includes Cross's theory of local texts that developed from his interaction with the Scrolls. Buy from | Buy from


Biblical Interpretation in the Dead Sea Scrolls

  • Matthias Henze, ed., Biblical Interpretation at Qumran (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature; Eerdmans, 2004). A collection of essays on topics surrounding interpretation at Qumran including rewritten Bible, Pesharim, thematic commentaries, as well as studies of individual Scrolls and passages. A solid work that brings an up-to-date discussion of this topic. Buy from | Buy from
  • PesharimJames H. Charlesworth, The Pesharim and Qumran History: Chaos or Consensus? (Eerdmans, 2002). An interesting study of the hermeneutics of the Pesharim, including on how they may be read in connection with the history of the Qumran community. Buy from | Buy from
  • Timothy H. Lim, Pesharim (Companion to the Qumran Scrolls; Sheffield, 2002). A great introduction to the Qumran Pesharim. Buy from | Buy from
  • Maurya Horgan, Pesharim: Qumran Interpretations of Biblical Books (CBQMS 8; Catholic Biblical Association of America, 1979). A classic study of the Qumran Pesharim. Buy from | Buy from


Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 July 2009 14:06